Participles are a group of words that belong to two different word classes: verbs and adjectives. They are made from verbs, but are often used as adjectives.
Example from English:
Verbal use: I have spoken (from the verb to speak)
Adjectival use: The spoken word
Example from Norwegian:
Verbal use: Bilen blir reparert
Adjectival use: En reparert bil
Participles are declined like adjectives:
En reparert bil
Den reparerte bilen
In Norwegian, adjectives (incl. participles) can sometimes stand alone:
The green one = den grønne
The repaired one = den reparerte
Hvilken bil er din? Den ødelagte eller den reparerte?
Example: de ansatte
A commonly used participle is the word ansatt (employee), which is made from the verb å ansette. It follows the regular pattern for participles:
Jeg blir/er ansatt
Jeg har ansatt (noen)
en ansatt (person)
den ansatte (personen)
de ansatte (personene)
Example: Jeg skal snakke med de ansatte.